Population in forestry communities practising shifting cultivation

a case study of Bangladesh. by Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies.

Publisher: Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies in Dacca, Bangladesh

Written in English
Published: Pages: 209 Downloads: 630
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  • Bangladesh,
  • Chittagong Hill Tracts District.


  • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Bangladesh -- Chittagong Hill Tracts District,
  • Shifting cultivation -- Bangladesh -- Chittagong Hill Tracts District

Edition Notes

ContributionsFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations., United Nations Fund for Population Activities.
LC ClassificationsHD2075.6.Z9 C463 1979
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 209, 6 p., [2] leaves of plates :
Number of Pages209
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3926591M
LC Control Number81900256

SFRC) Population structure and seed production of Carapa guianensis in three floodplain forest types of the Amazon estuary. Diana C. Alvira. (Ph.D. SNRE) Conservation implications of livelihood and park interactions. Jamie N. Cotta (M.S. SNRE) Shifting cultivation effects on Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) regeneration. written by natural scientists and policy ‘experts’ about shifting cultivation.2 There are several themes embodied in the quotations presented above which seem to have achieved the status of accepted wisdom. First, there appears to be one practice called ‘shifting cultivation’ with no differentiation. Second, although shifting cultivation.   The tribe lives in small communities and used to practice a nomadic lifestyle and shifting cultivation, growing rice and millets. They also .   Traditional peoples living at low densities were once able to practice shifting cultivation in ecological balance with their environment. The Land Dayaks of Borneo, the Muong people of Laos and the hill tribes of Burma all cleared land, grew their crops and then let the land lie fallow for several years before returning to cultivate it again.

Hmong, ethnic group living chiefly in China and Southeast Asia and speaking Hmong, one of the Hmong-Mien languages (also known as Miao-Yao languages). Since the late 18th century, the Hmong alone among the Miao groups have slowly migrated out of the southern provinces of China, where about   Figure Population Density and Forest Cover: Central American Countries ( and Data) Source: Updated (with data from Food and Agriculture Organization, The Global Forest Assessment ) from Frederick A.B. Meyerson, “Population, Biodiversity and Changing Climate,” Advances in Applied Biodiversity Science 4 ().   Shifting cultivation also made it harder for the government to calculate taxes. Therefore, the government decided to ban shifting cultivation. As a result, many communities were forcibly displaced from their homes in the forests. Some had to change occupations, while some resisted through large and small rebellions. An effective way to farm these poor soils is to burn off the forest and grow crops for a few years in the ash fertilized plot. As nutrients are depleted and weeds invade the field, it is allowed to return to forest. The period of forest fallow varies greatly, but years. is perhaps the typical range. No more elaborate form of cultivation.

Shifting cultivation (also known as swidden) is a widely practiced form of agriculture important for livelihood, nutrition and as a safety net for millions of people in the tropics [1,2].It also arguably contributes to biodiversity conservation, soil and water conservation, and climate change mitigation [3,4,5].Simultaneously, however, shifting cultivation has been criticized by researchers.   Shifting cultivation is the main land-use system transforming landscapes in riverine Amazonia. Increased concentration of the human population around villages and increasing market integration during the last decades may be causing agricultural intensification. Studies have shown that agricultural intensification, i.e. higher number of swidden-fallow cycles and shorter fallow periods, . Slash-and-burn based shifting cultivation is a widespread historical practice in southeast Asia. Above is a satellite image of Sumatra and Borneo showing shift cultivation fires from October Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned and allowed to revert to their. Although the gradual degeneration of the Modhupur forest commenced since the colonial period, the problem turned intense in after the official ban on jum cultivation (a form of shifting.

Population in forestry communities practising shifting cultivation by Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Population in forest communities practising shifting cultivation (Thailand). Final report by the Task Force: Thailand. Author(s): FAO; Thailand, Kasetsart University. Miscellaneous: Population in forest communities practising shifting cultivation (Thailand).

The problem lies in both its commercialisation and production pressures arising from a human-population increase, leading to a reduction in fallow length – the period between two cultivation phases.

In a book called Shifting cultivation policies: Balancing environmental and social sustainability (), an outline of the role of government and local institutions in regulating shifting cultivation over time has been described.

Interventions aimed at stopping shifting cultivation. Lal, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Abstract.

Shifting cultivation, a resource-based subsistence farming, is no longer relevant because of the large population and its growing system is destabilized by long cultivation and short fallow periods.

There is a need to transform shifting cultivation to sustainable intensification. THE IMPACT OF SHIFTING CULTIVATION IN THE FORESTRY ECOSYSTEMS OF TIMOR-LESTE MARIA, Jesus of forest and bushes as a result of the practice of shifting cultivation "slash and burn" or "swidden and continuous cultivation (dense population density - > inhabitants/Km2 64).

The forest fallow happens when land is a free good or without tenure. Shifting cultivation, also referred to as forest agrarian system, has been widely practised by hill communities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America since the Neolithic period (13, to 3, BC) [1 –2].The practice is characterized by a cultivation phase, which involves clearing of primary or secondary forest and crop cultivation for one to three years, followed by a fallow phase, during Cited by: tribal community were deprived of their rights over land as to colonial government forest destruction was caused by shifting cultivation.

During the colonial regime shifting cultivation became prominent and was an important problem to deal with the conservation of forest. People in the forest: community forestry experiences from Southeast Asia 59 logging bans. There has been growing recognition through the s in many Asian nations that rural people have an important role to play in managing and protecting forestlands, including those nominally under state jurisdiction.

Destruction of forest causes heavy soil erosion which in turn causes flood in rivers and low-lying areas. Due to heavy population, the land provided for shifting agriculture is declining. The burden on existing land available for such kind of cultivation increases which results in the loss of more nutrients from the soil without replenishing it.

Out of 26 tribes, Adi is the second most populous in Arunachal Pradesh and traces its lineage to the Tibeto-Mongoloid group. Shifting cultivation or swidden, also known as Jhum, is an age-old method of agriculture practised by the Adis.

However, over the last 60 years, some Adis have adopted relatively modern practices of settled cultivation. In a recently published study in Ambio, researchers. The Saora family is polygamous and the total household economy revolves around the woman. They practice shifting cultivation and are most adept at terraced cultivation where they grow varieties of cereal and pulses.

Saoras are very religious attributing every natural phenomenon to. It is simply not possible to practice shifting cultivation when population densities rise and there is not enough land to leave a satisfactory period of fallow. However, just how high a population density shifting cultivation can support is a matter of some debate.

While Ruthenberg (, p. Shifting cultivation has been practiced in Europe until the middle of the 20th century, and the method is still prevailing in many tropical countries worldwide.

15% of the population in the Asia- Pacific region is considered “forest-dependent,” and many of these are shifting cultivators. 8 Shifting. Shifting cultivation has been a practice in many parts of the world with minimal environmental damage for a long period.

I believe, it is becoming an concern due to rapid increase in population. 1. Introduction. Research on the fate of the world’s forests and the global impacts of forest cover change has stimulated considerable interest in the nature, role and dynamics of tropical secondary forests (Brown and Lugo,Finegan,Corlett, ).Insecondary forests extended over some million hectares, or about 26% of forest lands in the tropics (derived from.

Shift farming has been often and highly practiced by indigenous communities for many centuries. It takes place and occurs in Amazon rainforest areas, West and Central Africa as well as Indonesia.

Alongside other aspects of agriculture, slash and burn farming is under the threat of large scale forest clearance. Advantages and disadvantages of. Shifting cultivation is often blamed as a principal cause of deforestation in tropical Africa. It is claimed that the practice is unsustainable because shortened fallow lengths result in soils too degraded to support forest vegetation.

Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned while post-disturbance fallow vegetation is allowed to freely grow while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the soil shows signs of exhaustion or, more commonly, when the field is overrun by weeds. Proposes that land for shifting cultivation be recognised as agricultural land under agro-forestry.

Statistical Year Book by the Ministry of. Introduction. Shifting cultivation or swidden is an agricultural practice as old as the Neolithic, involving long fallow periods that allow soil fertility to recover after 1–2 years of agriculture (Conklin ; Spencer ).It is characteristic of the nutrient-poor soils of tropical forests, where cultivated lands may require years or decades to become agriculturally productive again.

Indigenous peoples have occupied the Amazon basin for thousands of years, traditionally practicing small scale shifting cultivation. In recent decades, community groups and indigenous peoples have succeeded in gaining a voice in debates of forest conservation such as REDD+, as well as forest use and Free Prior and Informed Consultation.

The remaining income came from shifting cultivation practice. It was also observed that larger families with more people gathering forest products realized more forest income.

This study will be relevant to forest and environmental policy-makers as well as indigenous community. Additionally, between andin the early colonial period of British rule, shifting cultivation was seen as primitive and efforts were made to ban the practice.

Of this figure, approximately 15 million ha in the DRC are in forest concession, 14 million in Gabon, and 8 million in Cameroon (see more at WRI – Congo Basin Forest Atlases). Agricultural land is difficult to define in the Congo basin, where native peoples practice shifting cultivation and small scale agriculture across the forested landscape.

Abstract [Shifting cultivation is often blamed as a principal cause of deforestation in tropical Africa. It is claimed that the practice is unsustainable because shortened fallow lengths result in soils too degraded to support forest vegetation. Shifting cultivation enhances bio-diversity and is crucial for in-situ conservation of crop genetic resources.

Shifting cultivation is a form of land use which enhances biodiversity. Severe declines in plant diversity have been observed in most areas when shifting cultivation is replaced by permanent land use systems.

Particularly. the discussion on shifting cultivation in the context of identifying drivers of deforestation is not based on the old prejudices, but on the facts that have been well established by scientific researcher and is easily accessible.

Map of countries in Asia where indigenous peoples practice shifting cultivation and the estimated population of. Shifting agriculture, system of cultivation that preserves soil fertility by plot (field) rotation, as distinct from crop shifting agriculture a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time; then it is abandoned and allowed to revert to its natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the. Jhum Cultivation and Fuel Wood Collection 6. Fragmentation 7. Climatic Change 8. Pollution 9.

Drought Nutrient Loss Forest Fires. Reason # 1. Human Settlement: During the Christian era, first years witnessed the growth of 1 billion human population.

But in next years, human population astonishingly increased to a staggering 6. emphasize the important role shifting cultivation continues to play for household food security.

As the authors of the Thai case study point out, ‘[i]n this ‘dual economy’, shifting cultivation and paddy fields are providing a safety net that allows engagement in more risky, cash-oriented production’ (p.

Shifting cultivation practice has cleared Mha of forest area every year in northeastern states of India and total Mt wood biomass and Mt C was removed at the rate of Mt and MtCyr-1 respectively. The old age practice of shifting cultivation has been a single responsible factor for the forest and land degradation.

Allsop, F. (). Shifting cultivation in Burma, its practice, effects, and control, and its use to make forest plantations. Paper presented at 7th Pacific Science Congress, Auckland, New Zealand, February 3,Wellington, New Zealand Forest Service.Ratanakiri or Ratanak Kiri (Khmer: រតនគិរី IPA: [ˌreə̯̆ʔ taʔ ˈnaʔ ki ˈriː]), is a province of northeast borders the provinces of Mondulkiri to the south and Stung Treng to the west and the countries of Laos and Vietnam to the north and east, respectively.

The province extends from the mountains of the Annamite Range in the north, across a hilly plateau.A ‘bogeyman’ is an imaginary creature used to evoke fear and anxiety.

The question we address here arises from a recent claim by Shearman et al (), that shifting cultivation is a real.