Modals and conditionals

by Angelika Kratzer

Publisher: Oxford University Press in Oxford, New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 203 Downloads: 354
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Subjects:

  • Modality (Linguistics),
  • Comparative and general Grammar,
  • Conditionals

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. [184]-195) and index.

StatementAngelika Kratzer
SeriesOxford linguistics, Oxford studies in theoretical linguistics -- 36, Oxford linguistics, Oxford studies in theoretical linguistics -- 36.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsP299.M6 K73 2012
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 203 p. :
Number of Pages203
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25343537M
ISBN 10019923468X, 0199234698
ISBN 109780199234684, 9780199234691
LC Control Number2011278191
OCLC/WorldCa778267193

English Modals Table and Example Sentences Possibility Ability Permission Obligation Offers CAN I can play the football. Can I go out tonight? CAN’T He can’t be her father. He’s too young. I can’t speak French. Can I help you? No, you can’t. MIGHT It might rain tomorrow. COULD Mark could be the one who stole the money. I could already read when I was five.   Modals of PERMISSION in English We use the modal CAN to talk about permission or ask for things at present. Examples; Can I ask a question? Can I go outside, please? Can I borrow your black coat? Can I come in? Can I hand in my assignment late? We can also use COULD and MAY to talk general permission in the past. However we cannot use . program to reform it. This book is a treasure of the puzzles, illustrations and parables that have informed the subject. It defines the standard against which all theorizing on modals and conditionals is to be measured.’ Barry Schein, University of Southern California ‘Modals and conditionals lie at the center of philosophical inquiry. In work.   Answers to questions about English modals and conditionals. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving. Home. News. Sport. Radio. TV. Weather.

ESL Worksheet E-book. Downloadable ESL Products: With a combined 6 Ebooks for Kids, you are armed with the best teaching materials for young learners in the industry. These ebook packs are loaded with materials of the highest quality, designed to save you great amounts of lesson planning time and teaching energy. This book contains updated and substantially revised versions of Angelika Kratzer's classic papers on modals and conditionals, including 'What "must" and "can" must and can mean', 'Partition and Revision', 'The Notional Category of Modality', 'Conditionals', 'An Investigation of the Lumps of Thought', and 'Facts: Particulars or Information Units?'. Modals & Conditionals Fritz Hamm & Michel Franke University of Tübingen Pro-/Hauptseminar WS10/11 Course Description This course introduces standard semantic theories of modals and conditionals. In the first part of the course, we will cover basic concepts of modal logic and possible worlds semantics and briefly survey the classics of the.   English Grammar Master is completely offline english grammar reference book to learn and master english Grammar, covering a wide range of grammar topics. Topics Included 1. Adjectives 2. Adverbs 3. Articles 4. Capitalisation 5. Conditionals 6. Conjunctions 7. Degree of Comparison 8. Determiners 9. Direct & Indirect Speech Distributives Few, a few /5(K).

This book offers a new approach to the analysis of the multiple meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and perception verbs. Although such ambiguities cannot easily be accounted for by feature-analyses of word meaning, Eve Sweetser's argument shows that they can be analyzed both readily and systematically. Meaning relationships in general cannot be Reviews: 1. Could anyone tell me if I understand the modal verbs and use them in conditionals correctly? Sentences with modals often have 2 meanings - a literal meaning and a real meaning. The real meaning is often an indirect request and is sensitive to context and knowledge/beliefs of the parties of the conversation.   On conditionals and modals Published on J J by solpahi In this very thing, which the dialecticians teach among the elements of their art, how one ought to judge the truth or falsehood of a hypothetical judgement like “If day has dawned, it is light”, how great a contest there is; Diodorus has one opinion, Philo.   Fill in the blanks with appropriate modal auxiliary verbs. We use can to express ability. We use can to ask for permission. We use could in polite requests. We use could to talk about past ability. You are already slim. We use need to show necessity. We use must not to prohibit. We use will to express our intentions. We use will to make a promise.

Modals and conditionals by Angelika Kratzer Download PDF EPUB FB2

The book's contents add up to some of the most important work on modals and conditionals in particular and on the semantics-syntax interface more generally.

It will be of central interest to linguists and philosophers of language of all theoretical : Oxford University Press. Main clause. We can use modals other than would in the main clause of a sentence in the third conditional.

If I had had the right tools, I could have fixed my bike. (ability) If the weather had been worse, they might not have reached the top.

(possibility) If-clause. We can use could + perfect infinitive in the if-clause to express ability or possibility.

If he could have got to the. Modals are special verbs, such as can or must, which behave very irregularly in 's in-depth modal tutorial will help you learn what makes modal verbs special. Study the modal descriptions and complete the exercises to take another step towards English fluency.

Main clause. We can use modals other than would in the main clause of a sentence in the second conditional. If no one was late, we could start the meeting on time.(ability) If you asked George, he might be able to help you.(possibility) If-clause. We can use could in the if-clause to express ability, possibility or permission.

I'd go to the beach with you Modals and conditionals book I could swim. Conditionals. What are conditionals in English grammar.

Sometimes we call them 'if clauses'. They describe the result of something that might happen (in the present or future) or might have happened but didn't (in the past).

They are made using different English verb tenses. This book contains updated and substantially revised versions of Angelika Kratzer's classic papers on modals and conditionals, including What 'must' and 'can' must and can mean, Partition and Revision, The Notional Category of Modality, Conditionals, An Investigation of the Lumps of Thought, and Facts: Particulars Modals and conditionals book Information Units.

The book's contents add up to some of. This book contains updated and substantially revised versions of Angelika Kratzer's classic papers on modals and conditionals. It represents some of the most important work on modals and conditionals and the semantics-syntax interface and will be of interest to linguists and philosophers of language of all theoretical persuasions.

We are going to look at conditional sentences using the modals “can”, “must”, “may” and “might”, instead of “will.” The conditional used with these modal verbs is usually the first conditional. Its purpose is to indicate consequences, possibilities or conditions, when spoken in the present. This book contains updated and substantially revised versions of Angelika Kratzer's classic papers on modals and conditionals, including 'What "must" and "can" must and can mean', 'Partition and Revision', 'The Notional Category of Modality', 'Conditionals', 'An Investigation of the Lumps of Thought', and 'Facts: Particulars or Information Units?'.5/5(1).

The book contains new editions of a selection of author’s works on modals and conditionals: What “Must” and “Can” Must and Can Mean, The Notional Category of Modality, Partition and Revision, Conditionals, An Investigation of the Lumps of Thought, and Facts: Particulars or Information Units.

All chapters have been given new introductions and were revised and updated. In first conditional sentences, we use a simple present tense in the if-clause and will + infinitive in the main clause. This is the standard form. Alternate forms with other auxiliaries are also possible.

Note that first conditional forms with modals express ideas such as permission, advice, future possibilities etc. this book, you will understand the differences in meanings of modal verbs and you will be able to recognize and use modal verbs in your own reading, writing and speaking.

how to Use this Book This book can be used either in class with a teacher or as a self-study text. The answers to the exercises are in the back of the book.

All correct. Look at the list again. With "if" statements, "could" is possible for both present and past in the "if" clause. But remember that "could" is a substitute for "may" in the case of the first two in the present.

The book contains new editions of a selection of my works on modals and conditionals: What “Must” and “Can” Must and Can Mean, The Notional Category of Modality, Partition and Revision, Conditionals, An Investigation of the Lumps of Thought, Cited by:   Questions and answers on the topics of modals and conditionals.

This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving. Last updated at GMT, Tuesday, Free online English grammar book for ESL / EFL students and teachers. Modal Perfect List and Example Sentences Modal Perfect Examples Must Have + Past P. My mother has arrived late.

She must have been in a traffic jam. May Have + Past P. We may have passed the math exam, but it was in French. Might Have + Past P. Alex may have taken the wrong train. Could Have + Past P. I’m sorry but, You could have played better. This book contains updated and substantially revised versions of Angelika Kratzer's classic papers on modals and conditionals.

It represents some of the most important work on modals and conditionals Read more. English Intermediate Grammar-Tenses-Conditionals-Modals. InterculturalRUEN • By InterculturalRUEN • Share 1x From Meditations by Marcus Aurelius- book 2- rus-eng parallel text-mp3 podcast. This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective.

It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional 5/5(1).

The book’s contents add up to some of the most important work on modals and conditionals in particular and on thesemantics-syntax interface more generally. It will be of central interest to linguists and philosophers of language of all theoretical persuasions.

This book must belong to the library. It’s certainly not mine. It only takes three hours to fly from London to Sydney. That can’t be correct. There must be something wrong with the fridge. It’s making a very unusual noise.

Title: Microsoft Word - modals of probability e Size: 84KB. used instead of will in the 1st person. Shall I carry your bag. You should drive carefully in bad weather.

You should switch off the light when you leave the room. wish, request, demand, order (less polite than would) Will you please shut the door. prediction, assumption. I think it will rain on Friday.

I will stop smoking. In English grammar, a modal is a verb that combines with another verb to indicate mood or tense. A modal (also known as a modal auxiliary or modal verb) expresses necessity, uncertainty, ability, or permission.

To put it another way, modals are how we describe our worldview and articulate our perspective. Don't feel bad if you're struggling to Author: Richard Nordquist.

Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Angelika Kratzer () [Angelika Kratzer] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Impact English Language Training and Consulting – Professional Communication Skills - Business English Language Skills – On the web Grammar: Modal Verbs.

Select the word or words that best complete the sentence. Pregnant women who suffer from anemia _____ supplements to raise the level of iron in their blood.

must to give must be given given. The study indicates that we _____ increase coverage of supplementation. Third conditional example: If I had known you were going to the football game yesterday, I could have gone with you, because I had the day off from work.

Should: “Should” is used to express an opinion on the best course of describing cause and effect, it is also used to suggest that one cause is very likely to happen in the future, or was very likely to.

Modals. Modal Verbs MAY and MIGHT in English Decem October 7, materialsenglish may vs might, may vs might in english, Might I borrow your book.

Conditional. If you worked hard, you might finish it. Imperatives, Modals and Conditionals. Many native speakers of English think that the imperative is simply the simple present tense with the subject you deleted from the sentence, but this is a mistaken belief. The imperative is actually a separate verb form and carries at least some unique sentence forms.

Category Archives: Modals & Conditionals Post navigation Here is a summary of his book from the publisher’s website. “When leading Princeton physicist Paul Steinhardt began working in the s, scientists thought they knew all the conceivable forms of matter.Modals aren't the only source of trouble in class.

– michael_timofeev Sep 15 '15 at So, if there are no categories for the conditionals, how does one teach this to ESL students? All the books I have teach from the category method and many of the students can't get their head around unreal and real, so a sentence like "you could go to.MODAL VERBS —– “COULD” “COULD” is one of the most used modal verbs in English.

“COULD” is an auxiliary verb (modal auxiliary verb). It can be used to express; Ability Possibility Permission Request Suggestion General Structure of “COULD” in a Sentence POSITIVE FORM (+): Subject + COULD + Verb (first form of the verb) NEGATIVE FORM (-): Subject + .